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CGlasse: Yezidis

To: alt.magick.tyagi,alt.satanism,alt.islam.sufism,alt.sufi,alt.religion.gnostic,talk.religion.misc,alt.pagan
From: (nagasiva)
Subject: CGlasse: Yezidis (3)
Date: 7 Jan 1998 22:47:29 -0800

[from Yahya M ]

[From The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam by Cyril Glasse:]

Ahl-i Haqq (lit. "People of the Absolute, the Real, God).  One of 
several sects called collectively `Ali ilahis ("the deifiers of `Ali").  
The Ahl-i Haqq are a minor, heretical, dualist cult found among some 
Persians, Kurds, and Turkmens of Iraq and Iran.  In Iran, they are 
concentrated in the west of the country, especially around Tabriz, 
but small groups can be found everywhere.  They are closely related 
to the Yazidis of Iraq, and more distantly with the other dualist 
sects in the Middle East.  Their doctrine teaches that there were 
seven Divine Manifestations beginning with a figure called 
Khawandagar; they believe that the Prophet's cousin `Ali ibn Abi 
Talib was one of these manifestations, and that the series culminated 
in the direct "founder" of the cult, a figure called Sultan Sohak 
(Ishaq), who lived in the 9th / 15th century.

The cult practices the sacrifice of cocks, a bird which represents 
the liminal moment of daybreak.  Thus the cock appears as a 
popular symbol in religions with light/darkness polarizations.  
The Ahl-i Haqq have a ceremony called sabz namudar ("making green") 
which may hearken back to the beliefs of the Manicheans that the 
Divine light is hidden in the world in the greatest
concentration in plants (which is why the Manicheans were vegetarians).  
The beliefs of the Ahl-i Haqq, which vary from group to group, 
incorporate elements typical of the Gnostic or Manichean deviations 
found on the fringes of Islam, as indeed, around all religions.  
The Ahl-i Haqq believe in the transmigration of souls, and even in 
reincarnation; like the Yazidis and the `Alawis, they seem to be a 
byproduct of the Sevener movement, but without the Islamic clothing.

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