a cache of usenet and other text files pertaining
to occult, mystical, and spiritual subjects.


Question for cat protection

To: alt.magick,alt.lucky.w
From: catherine yronwode 
Subject: Re: Question for cat  (was) Re: protection
Date: Sat, 13 Apr 2002 00:06:59 GMT

Mike wrote:
> in article, catherine yronwode at
> wrote on 4/12/02 4:22 PM:
> > Africa has a longer historical record of metal-work than
> > other continents; for instance, Africans were making steel while 
> > most of Europe was in the bronze age; 
> cat, what is the timeline for this? my understanding has been that 
> iron was first smelted by the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, for whom 
> it was a carefully guarded secret until the cat eventually got out 
> of the bag and the Syrians and others in the Levant, Mesopotamia, 
> and Egypt began to use iron weapons and tools.

See the writings of Dr. Charles Finch, who summarizes the historic
record (from other, academic sources) in two books -- one is "The Star
of Deep Beginnings" and the other is "Echoes of the Old Darkland". 

(Hey, Poke -- did i leave my Charles Finch book at your house by mistake
when we visited? I have looked for it everywhere and that's the last
time i recall seeing it.) 

Finch is particularly good at documenting Roman-era steel=making in
eastern Africa and also reprints metallurgical investigations of the
temperatures acheieved from test-blasts in "primitive" (not!) African
tribal blow-pipe smelters.

A google search on the terms <"Charles Finch" Africa steel> turned up
the following, which indicates that Debra Shore has also written on the
subject and that her material is being used as reading material for a
course at the University of Pennsylvania:

African Origins of Science & Math [Sadiki]
... Role in the History of Physics", Dr. Charles Finch's "The African
Background of Medical Science", "Steel Making in Ancient Africa" by
Debra Shore, "The Pyramids ...

Ancd at that page, there is this bibliographical note: 

1. Blacks in Science: Ancient and Modern, ed. by Ivan VanSertima,
Transaction Books,
New Brunswick, NJ, 1983 

A compilation of very thoroughly researched papers that documents
Africa's contributions to astronomy, agriculture, architecture,
engineering, aeronautics, mathematics, medicine, metallurgy, physics and
writing systems. Also included in this text are articles detailing the
African-American's contributions to science and invention. Some of the
papers that are worth special mention are John Pappademos' "An Outline
of Africa's Role in the History of Physics", Dr. Charles Finch's "The
African Background of Medical Science", "Steel Making in Ancient Africa"
by Debra Shore, "The Pyramids: Ancient Showcase of African Science and
Technology" by Beatrice Lumpkin and John Henrik Clarke's "Lewis Latimer:
Bringer of the Light". 

Another URL supplied by google was this:

Journal of African Civilizations
... historical periods. It highlights steel-smelting machines in
Tanzania ... EGYPT: CHILD OF AFRICA. This issue seeks to ... on social
order. Charles Finch informs us of ... 

and at that page there is further mention of the book that Van Setima
edited, again with regard to ancient steel-smelting in Africa:

BLACKS IN SCIENCE: Ancient and Modern

This book draws on the latest researches to show that Africa had an
impressive scientific tradition in certain centers and historical
periods. It highlights steel-smelting machines in Tanzania dating back
1,500 years ago, using semi-conductor technology and achieving
temperatures 200 degrees higher than the best in Europe[...] (96

336 page book $20.00 

Hope this is what you were looking for!

cat yronwode 

Hoodoo in Theory and Practice --

The Arcane Archive is copyright by the authors cited.
Send comments to the Arcane Archivist:

Did you like what you read here? Find it useful?
Then please click on the Paypal Secure Server logo and make a small
donation to the site maintainer for the creation and upkeep of this site.

The ARCANE ARCHIVE is a large domain,
organized into a number of sub-directories,
each dealing with a different branch of
religion, mysticism, occultism, or esoteric knowledge.
Here are the major ARCANE ARCHIVE directories you can visit:
interdisciplinary: geometry, natural proportion, ratio, archaeoastronomy
mysticism: enlightenment, self-realization, trance, meditation, consciousness
occultism: divination, hermeticism, amulets, sigils, magick, witchcraft, spells
religion: buddhism, christianity, hinduism, islam, judaism, taoism, wicca, voodoo
societies and fraternal orders: freemasonry, golden dawn, rosicrucians, etc.


There are thousands of web pages at the ARCANE ARCHIVE. You can use ATOMZ.COM
to search for a single word (like witchcraft, hoodoo, pagan, or magic) or an
exact phrase (like Kwan Yin, golden ratio, or book of shadows):

Search For:
Match:  Any word All words Exact phrase


Southern Spirits: 19th and 20th century accounts of hoodoo, including slave narratives & interviews
Hoodoo in Theory and Practice by cat yronwode: an introduction to African-American rootwork
Lucky W Amulet Archive by cat yronwode: an online museum of worldwide talismans and charms
Sacred Sex: essays and articles on tantra yoga, neo-tantra, karezza, sex magic, and sex worship
Sacred Landscape: essays and articles on archaeoastronomy, sacred architecture, and sacred geometry
Lucky Mojo Forum: practitioners answer queries on conjure; sponsored by the Lucky Mojo Curio Co.
Herb Magic: illustrated descriptions of magic herbs with free spells, recipes, and an ordering option
Association of Independent Readers and Rootworkers: ethical diviners and hoodoo spell-casters
Freemasonry for Women by cat yronwode: a history of mixed-gender Freemasonic lodges
Missionary Independent Spiritual Church: spirit-led, inter-faith, the Smallest Church in the World
Satan Service Org: an archive presenting the theory, practice, and history of Satanism and Satanists
Gospel of Satan: the story of Jesus and the angels, from the perspective of the God of this World
Lucky Mojo Usenet FAQ Archive: FAQs and REFs for occult and magical usenet newsgroups
Candles and Curios: essays and articles on traditional African American conjure and folk magic
Aleister Crowley Text Archive: a multitude of texts by an early 20th century ceremonial occultist
Spiritual Spells: lessons in folk magic and spell casting from an eclectic Wiccan perspective
The Mystic Tea Room: divination by reading tea-leaves, with a museum of antique fortune telling cups
Yronwode Institution for the Preservation and Popularization of Indigenous Ethnomagicology
Yronwode Home: personal pages of catherine yronwode and nagasiva yronwode, magical archivists
Lucky Mojo Magic Spells Archives: love spells, money spells, luck spells, protection spells, etc.
      Free Love Spell Archive: love spells, attraction spells, sex magick, romance spells, and lust spells
      Free Money Spell Archive: money spells, prosperity spells, and wealth spells for job and business
      Free Protection Spell Archive: protection spells against witchcraft, jinxes, hexes, and the evil eye
      Free Gambling Luck Spell Archive: lucky gambling spells for the lottery, casinos, and races